Although there are historic records about games with similar concept in Ancient Greece, Rome and even China, the modern form of Roulette as we know it today entered the New World after the French Revolution, and soon found its place as a part of a regular casino offer across the gambling parlours of America. Roulette underwent the first significant modification in 19th century, when Blanc brothers added a zero and changed the range of numbers from 1 – 36 to 0 – 36. After making its American debut, the original form of Roulette was further deviated as the range of numbers was expanded with a double zero, significantly improving the house edge.
Although the game itself is rather simple and relies on chance, Roulette has a lot of betting possibilities and generous payout odds that make it extremely attractive to the players around the world. The two main bet categories are called Inside and Outside bets, with the latter having a smaller payout ratio of 2 to 1 or even money. Depending on the specific bet, Inside category stakes have a payout range from 5:1 to 35:1.
At the moment, there are three main variants of Roulette: French, European and American. Recently, new forms of the game such as Mini Roulette have been emerging, which is not so much a variation as a reductive version of the game. Another twist to the story came with the introduction of the second wheel, resulting in a Double Wheel Roulette that is becoming increasingly popular in online and land based casinos. Best casinos for Roulette players can be found below.
As mentioned, Roulette classifies the bets into Inside and Outside category. Inside bets are the following:
- Straight Bet – specific number bet with the highest payout ratio
- Split Bet – two adjoining numbers
- Street Bet – three numbers in a row (street)
- Corner Bet – four joining numbers that constitute a square
- Four Number Bet – this type of bet is found in French and European variants and covers the range from 0 to 3.
- Five Number Bet – American version of Four Number bet, where the players bet on 00, 0, 1, 2 and 3 at the same time.
- Six Line Bet – a variation of the Street bet, covering six numbers instead of three.
- Outside bets have a wider coverage:
- Red/Black – bets pertaining to a certain colour
- High/Low – betting on the group of higher numbers (19 – 36) or the group of lower number (1 – 18)
- Even/Odd – placing a bet on either Even numbers or Odd ones
- Dozen – the player can bet on the first, second or third dozen or numbers (1-12, 13 – 24 or 25 – 36)
- Column – stake covers 12 numbers within a column
As a game of chance, Roulette does not have a reliable strategy, although every online casino includes statistics and the game history in case you would like to track hot and cold numbers and plan your bets accordingly. There are also followers of the Dominant Diamonds theory who take elements such as Diamonds, ball bounce, scatter, ball track and wheel angle into consideration, arguing that these factors can determine where the ball will land.
Popular Roulette Variants
Nowadays, Blackjack enthusiasts have a courtesy of choosing from a plethora of Blackjack variants in most online casinos, but the following have proved to be most popular among the fans of the beautiful game.
Together with French Roulette, this variant is popular in casinos outside USA, however it can be easily found in every online casino as a part of video and live dealer offer. It is different from American Roulette in terms of the betting range and the absence of double zero. Here, the players can use racetrack betting to cover an entire section of numbers under a single bet.
Similar to European version, French Roulette can introduce two additional rules – La Partage and En Prison. In La Partage, the players can retrieve 50 % of any even money stake if a ball lands on zero. With En Prison, the players can “freeze” the stake for the next spin and keep the original amount only if their bet wins.
Apart from the double zero field, American Roulette is also known by the Five Number bet, which enables the player to place the wager on the range of numbers from 00 to 3. Another significant feature of the American version is a higher house edge, 5.26% – almost twice as high as French and European variants.
Follows the same concept as other variants, but limits the table to a single zero and 1 to 12 number range. The chances of winning are therefore increased, while the payouts are decreased in order to even things out and offer only 11 to 1 payout for a straight number bet.
Double Wheel/Double Ball Roulette
Both of the Roulette versions employ the same set of rules, doubling the excitement with an extra ball or wheel added to the familiar structure. The bets are placed independently and Double Wheel or Double Ball jackpot is awarded on a double win.